Welcome to Bangladesh
Bangladesh is in South Asia is the 92nd largest country spanning 147,570 square kilometres (56,980 sq mi) and it is the world’s 8th-most populous country with a population nearing 163 million, making it one of the most densely populated countries in the world. It is a fertile delta country bordered by the Bay of Bengal, India and Myanmar (formerly Burma). Dhaka, its capital and largest city, is also the economic, political and the cultural hub of the country. Bangladesh is bestowed with a bounty of nature and immense beauty which makes is an attractive holiday destination.
Bangladesh is a member of the Indian Ocean Rim Association, Non-Aligned Movement, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation, United Nations and World Trade Organization.
Bangladesh has a population of 163 million (2016) and a population density (per sq. km): of 1,252. It has 5–8,000 km of navigable waterway, depending on the extent of flooding, and a well-developed water transport network, carrying more than 30% of domestic freight. The main ports are Chittagong and Mongla,
Bangladesh has a subtropical monsoon climate characterised by wide seasonal variations in rainfall, high temperatures and humidity. Heavy rainfall is characteristic of Bangladesh. It receives the greatest average precipitation, sometimes over 4000 mm per year. There are three distinct seasons in Bangladesh: a hot, humid summer from March to June; a cool, rainy monsoon season from June to October; and a cool, dry winter from October to March. In general, maximum summer temperatures range between 30°C and 40°C.
The vast majority of the population of Bangladesh is Bengali. The Bengali people are historically of diverse origin, having emerged from the confluence of various communities that entered the region over the course of many centuries. Non-Bengalis—consisting primarily of smaller indigenous groups constitute only a tiny fraction of the population.
Bengali (Bangla) is the national language of Bangladesh, This is the mother tongue of almost the entire population of Bangladesh. However, the indigenous minority groups have their own languages and dialects, some of which are Tibeto-Burman languages. English, an Indo-European language, is spoken in urban centres and among educated groups.
Most of the people of Bangladesh follow the religion of Islam. When the Muslims first arrived, Hinduism was by far the dominant religion, although there were pockets of Buddhists and a few adherents of local religions.
With Bangladesh education system foundation laid down during the period of British rule, it comes in three levels—primary, secondary, and higher education. Primary education (free but optional), is for children up to age 10 and only about half of all children attend primary school. Secondary education is divided into three levels—junior secondary, high school, and higher secondary (intermediate college)—with public examinations being held at the conclusion of each level of schooling.
There are hundreds of colleges, most of them affiliated with one of the larger universities, such as the University of Dhaka (1921), For vocational training Bangladesh relies on several engineering colleges and a network of polytechnic and law colleges. In addition, an array of specialised colleges are dedicated to training students in areas such as the arts, home economics, social welfare and research, and various aspects of agriculture.