Education in Hong Kong
Hong Kong Video
Education in Hong Kong
Welcome to Honk Kong
Hong Kong is positioned at the mouth of the Pearl River Delta and on the coast of southern China. It is considered to be the gateway between the East and West and an attractive centre for international trade due to its geographical position. It has a an over 7.4 million people of various nationalities and occupies 1,104-square-kilometer area which comprises Hong Kong Island
Hong Kong is one of the most densely populated places in the world. As a special administrative region, it maintains separate governing and economic systems from that of mainland China under the principle of “one country, two systems”. It is considered one of the world’s most significant financial centres and commercial ports. It is the world’s tenth-largest exporter and ninth-largest importer, and its legal tender (the Hong Kong dollar) is the world’s 13th-most traded currency. Hong Kong hosts the largest concentration of ultra high-net-worth individuals of any city in the world.
Language and Culture
English is widely spoken. It is the language of preference in the government, business and tourism sectors. Hong Kong‘s rich blend of cultures gives it its unique character. The majority of the city’s population are Chinese speakers but there is also a medley of Asian and European languages.
Cantonese, a minority dialect of Mainland China, is spoken by 88 per cent of people in Hong Kong. However, other Chinese dialects, such as Hakka, Taishanese and Teochiu are also present. Indeed, different languages and dialects co-exist to reflect the high level of cultural tolerance in Hong Kong
Multiculturalism and Faith
Multiple denominations of Christian churches share space with Chinese joss houses; Buddhist, Taoist and Sikh temples; mosques and synagogues. Over time a unique contemporary culture has been created that is a true mixture of tradition and innovation.
Hong Kong’s educational system is largely modelled after that of the United Kingdom. This is hardly surprising since Hong Kong was administered by Britain from 1841 to 1997, when the former UK colony was handed back to China. Children are required to attend school from the age of six until completion of secondary education, generally at age 18. At the end of secondary schooling, all students take a public examination and awarded the Hong Kong Diploma of Secondary Education if successful.
The schools provided by the Hong Kong Education Department (EDB – Education Bureau) can be divided into three main groups: government schools; subsidized schools, which are usually administered by charitable bodies; and private schools, run by different organizations where admission is more often decided by academic merit (DBS and DGS are examples of this type of school).
There are also private, International schools. The style of education, the language(s) of instruction and the international curricula offered by these schools appeals to both expatriates and local parents. Many of these schools have waiting lists and all charge higher (and in many cases, much higher) tuition fees than local schools.
The government maintains a policy of “mother tongue instruction”; schools use Cantonese as the medium of instruction, with written education in both Chinese and English. Secondary schools emphasise “bi-literacy and tri-lingualism”, which has encouraged the proliferation of spoken Mandarin language education. Mandatory education has contributed to an adult literacy rate of 95.7 per cent.
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